Ceramic, porcelain, and marble tile are the most popular types of tile flooring. Though porcelain is considered a member of the ceramic family, porcelain is more dense and considered impervious, or resistant to water absorption. Both ceramic and porcelain tile begin by being made in the same way–by being pressed, molded, or hardened in a kiln. When porcelain is made, however, other materials including Feldspar, a type of crystal, are added to the mix to strengthen the material.
Porcelain tile is more durable than ceramic tile, although ceramic tile is more affordable and easier to cut since it is a softer tile. Many types of porcelain tile can be installed just about anywhere inside the home due to its low water absorption and durability to heavy traffic. Both types of flooring provide beautiful, unique style to your home.
Marble tile is most popular among high-end, luxury homeowners and is known for its classic, elegant appearance. Many types of marble exist, but Braccia, Calacatta, and Carrara are among the most popular choices. Braccia marble tends to be made in darker, warmer tones with bold grain and swirl patterns while Carrara is the white marble with light streaks of grey seen in ancient Roman and Greek temples and statues. Calacatta is sometimes confused with Carrara, but is rarer and more expensive than Carrara. Calacatta is a brighter, more true white with bolder, darker streaks.